New Jersey Women's History



Notable Facts



 Material Objects


 Topical Index









Period I
-- 1775
Period II
1776 -1843
Period III
Period IV
Period V
Period VI
1961 --


-- 1775

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"Lenape Birthing Practices, " ca. 1000 to 1650, an illustration of a menstrual hut and other Lenape practices.

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Lenape Pottery Making, ca. 1000 to 1650, a modern drawing depicting Lenape women making pottery.

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"Sarah Kiersted," 17th century, a 1936 painting of Kiersted with Chief Oratam.

The Schuyler Patent, map by William Bond, 1710.
1776 - 1843

 Oil portrait of Jannetje Vrelandt Drummond, 1776.

Engraving of �Washington's Reception on the Bridge at
Trenton,� 1789.

"Women at the Polls in New Jersey;" a newspaper engraving from 1880 picturing women voting in 1797.

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Jarena Lee (1783-unknown), the first known woman preacher in the African Methodist Episcopal Church.

Hannah Kinney's Records of the Newark Female Charitable Society, 1803-1804.

  Portrait of a scrubwoman, by Baroness Hyde de Neuville, 1822.

  Charlotte Bonaparte�s depiction of Lebanon, New Jersey, 1824.

 Portrait of Hanna Hoyt, a noted educator, 1837.

"Esther Saunders," pencil sketch by Anne H. Denn, c.1840.

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Dorothea Lynde Dix (1802-1887), an internationally celebrated reformer of care for the mentally ill.

Carrie Cook Sanborn, nineteenth century Quaker, artist, head
of the Cedars Art Colony, Point Pleasant Beach, New Jersey, 1844.

The Lincoln Children, a portrait painted by Susan Waters in 1845.

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The Clara Barton School, Bordentown, from a postcard c.1920. 

Eagleswood House at the Raritan Bay Union, 1858.

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Mother Mary Xavier Mehegan (1825-1915), Roman Catholic religious, educator, and founder of the Sisters of Charity of New Jersey.

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Antoinette Brown Blackwell, suffragist, ca. 1917.

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Mary Virginia Hawes Terhune (1830-1922), a novelist and writer on household management was known to readers by her pen name, "Marion Harland."

 Opheleton Seminary for Young Ladies; Plainfield, 1860.

 Lily Martin Spencer (1822-1902) painting, "War Spirit at Home," one of the most popular paintings of the mid-9th century,1866.

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Cranberry Bog, Ocean County - Pickers at Work; a Newspaper illustration from Harper's Weekly, November 10, 1878.

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Strawberry Fields, Burlington County,1869, a Harper's Weekly newspaper illustration.

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Women cotton thread workers, c. 1890, an engraving of workers at the Clark Thread Company, Kearney.

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Morris Canal Workers, 1885, an illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper.

1880 - 1920

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Annie Oakley (1860-1926), expert sharpshooter and star of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show.

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Evelyn College, c.1890, a photograph of students.

A mural, Unity, created by Violet Oakley, which decorates the
Senate chamber of the Pennsylvania State Capitol, 1900.

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Women Insurance Workers, Newark, 1895, a photograph of policy writers at Prudential Insurance Company.

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Mary Philbrook (1872-1958) became the first New Jersey woman lawyer to gain admittance to the bar in 1895 as a result of an enabling act of the New Jersey legislature.

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"Bessie" Holmes Moore (1875-1959), a photograph from an 1892 issue of Harper's Young People Magazine.

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Jennie Tuttle Hobart (1849-1941), ca. 1897, when she was Second Lady of the nation during the first administration of William McKinley.

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College of St. Elizabeth, 1903, a photograph of the first graduating class.

 Headquarters of the Newark Female Charitable Society, 305 Halsey Street, Newark.

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Juliet Clannon Cushing, advocate of protective labor legislation for women.

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Clara Louise Maass (1876-1901), heroic nurse who lost her life in the battle to eradicate yellow fever.

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Pillar of Fire, 1914 November 25,  the cover of the church publication picturing a group of women missionaries.

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Alice Huyler Ramsey (1886-1983), a pioneer endurance automobile racer.

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Ridgewood High School Women's Basketball Team, 1909.

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Working Women's Gymnastic Club, 1907, a Paterson women silk workers' athletic club.

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Marietta Boggio Botto and her family, ca. 1910.

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Lillian Ford Feickert (1877-1945), president of the New Jersey Woman Suffrage Association, 1912-1920.

Logo of the Women's Political Union of New Jersey, 1912.

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Women Silk Workers, Paterson, 1913.

  Suffragist Mina C. Van Winkle, 1915.

 Suffragist petitioning a New Jersey canal worker, photograph, 1915.

 Suffragist poll watcher during the 1915 New Jersey referendum.

Whittier House Playground for children, 1915.

 Whittier House Kindergarten Class, 1915.

"Don�t Forget the Band Concert," photo of suffrage campaign band,1915.
 "Passing the Suffrage Torch," photo of suffrage campaign event, 1915.

 Women baseball players advertise woman suffrage, photograph.

"Well, Boys, we saved the home, " political cartoon.

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Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972), an expert in scientific management.

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Alice Paul at National Woman's Party headquarters, c. 1917.

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Alice Paul (1885-1979) of Moorestown, militant suffragist.

 Suffragists working to raise money for Liberty Bonds, photograph, 1917.

 Julia Hurlbut of Morristown (1882 - 1962), suffragist and relief worker, photograph 1918.

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Elizabeth Coleman White (1871-1954), developer of the nation's first cultivated blueberry.

 Delivery room at the Newark Maternity Hospital, photograph, 1917.

 "On the Way to the Nightshift," 1920.

"Day Rest after Night in the Mill," 1920.

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Jury of Women, Newark, 1920.

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Douglass College Students, c. 1925.

A promotional poster advertising a performance by Ruth St. Denis (1879-1968), innovative dancer and choreographer, 1920.
1921 - 1960

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Nellie Morrow Parker (1902-), the first African American school teacher in Bergen County.

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The New Jersey Republican, April 1923,  a cover photo of Juliet Clannon Cushing (1845-1934)  being congratulated for the passage of the night work bill.

Elsie Driggs, a resident of Lambertville, New Jersey was the only woman artist who participated in the Precisionist Movement in American art, 1927.

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The front page of the New Jersey State Federation News, the newspaper of the NJ State Federation of Colored Women's Clubs, with photograph of  Florence Spearing Randolph (1866-1951), its founder,1927.

 Whittier House Cooking Class, 1928.
Domestic science class, New Jersey State Manual Training and Industrial School for Colored Youth, photograph, 1932.

New Jersey Organization of Teachers of Colored Children, 1932.

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Marie Hilson Katzenbach, (1882-1970), an advocate for education in New Jersey.

 American abstract painter, Suzy Frelinghuysen (1911-1988),

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Mary Norton and the Women of the 80th Congress, 1947.

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Striking Woolen Workers, Passaic, 1926, a photo of three young women strikers and a police officer.
childstrikers_tn.jpg (4391 bytes) Strikers' Children's Kitchen, Passaic, 1926. Photograph of children outside a relief kitchen during the Passaic woolen strike.

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Eleanor Egg (1909-  ), a pioneer woman athlete.

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Jessie Redmon Fauset (1882-1961), novelist and journalist.

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Watch Dial Painters, c. 1922-1923, a photograph of workers at the U.S. Radium Corporation in Orange.

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Rita Sapiro Finkler (1888-1968), path-breaking physician and pioneering endocrinologist.

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Mary Roebling (1905-1994), a reprint of the article " Banker in High Heels" from the Greater Philadelphia Magazine, July 1952.

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Child Labor on New Jersey Farms, 1940.

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Dorothy Cross (1906-1974), an expert on the Delaware Indians and New Jersey archeology. Photographed here in 1937.

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Marion Thompson Wright (1902-1962), an African-American historian and teacher.

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Buying Victory Garden Seed, c.1943.

Marion Hankins, a member of a WWII aircraft riveting team, c.1943.

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Women workers at the Federal Shipyard, Newark, 1943, sewing safety nets on a destroyer escort.

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Ruth Cheney Streeter (1895-1990), the first director of the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve, in military uniform, 1943.

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Women in the U. S. Army, 1944, a photograph of WACs at Fort Hancock.

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Mary Yamashita Nagao, 1920-1985. Photograph at Manzanar Relocation Center, c 1943.

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Joy Bright Hancock (1898-1986), a  military portrait, ca. 1945, showing Hancock in her WAVES officers uniform.

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Racially Integrated Classroom, Berlin Township, 1952.

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Alberta Gonzalez (1914-1996), a migrant farm worker and labor leader.

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Florence Price Dwyer (1902-1976), a campaign flyer illustrating the techniques she used to appeal to voters, 1956.

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Florence Peshine Eagleton, (1870-1953), the first woman to serve as a trustee of Rutgers University.

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Food Relief for Striking Westinghouse Workers, 1956. A photograph of women collecting groceries for strikers.

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Dorothy Daggett Eldridge, (1903-1986), the founder of the New Jersey Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy.

1961 --

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Lena Frances Edwards, MD (1900 -1986), physician and presidential Medal of Freedom honoree.

Dionne Warwick and the composer Burt Bacharach have collaborated on numerous Grammy Award-winning songs.

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Mildred Barry Hughes (1902-1995), the first woman elected to the New Jersey Senate, 1965.

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Science students at Felician College, 1968.

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"Women’s March for Equality," August 26, 1970, a photograph of marchers at the Garden State Plaza, Paramus.

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Male and Female Students at Rutgers College, 1972.

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Ann Rosensweig Klein (1923-1986), ran a gubernatorial candidate in the Democratic primary in 1972.

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Millicent Hammond Fenwick (1910-1992), United States Congresswoman, ca. 1982.

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Helen S. Meyner (1928-1997), Congresswoman from Phillipsburg,  meeting constituents, 1970s.

Joyce Carol Oates, noted novelist and essayist, began teaching creative writing at Princeton University in 1978.
burgio_tn.gif (3046 bytes) Jane Grey Burgio, 1981, New Jersey's first female secretary of state.
Oscar- winning actress Celeste Holm (1919- ) has had a long and productive career in theatre motion pictures and television.

�Arnetha as a child while living in Newark,� photograph by Helen    Stummer, 1985.
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Marilyn J. Morheuser (1924-1995), an influential litigator of public school finance issues.


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Hon. Marie L. Garibaldi (1934- ), the first woman to serve as a New Jersey Supreme Court Judge.

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Christine Todd Whitmann (1946- ).  Campaign flyer, "Christie Whitman’s Blueprint for a Better Education," 1993.

Grace Hartigan, abstract expressionist, 1995.

Toni Morrison,1993 Noble Prize in Literature and 1998 Pulitzer Prize winning author, 2000.

  Portrait of Bernarda Bryson Shahn, at 99, by Mel Leipzig.

�Goddea, Tea Time on Good Friday," photograph by Helen Stummer, 2001.

The cover of the eighth novel of best-selling mystery writer Janet Evanovich, 2002.

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Women's Project of New Jersey
Copyright 2002, The Women's Project of New Jersey, Inc.

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Women's Project of New Jersey
Copyright 2002, The Women's Project of New Jersey, Inc.
This page was last updated on 07/05/2006.  Questions or concerns regarding this website? Please contact the web manager.
To view this website correctly, it is recommended you set your screen resolution to 1024 x 768.