Battle of Little Big Horn
Following the treaty of 1868 which ceded land for the Great Sioux Reservation, hostilities between the Sioux and white settlers still continued. Dissatisfied with conditions on the reservation, some Sioux who had signed the treaty left the reservation and joined their non-treaty brethren in the unceded territory. In the fall of 1875, the government, seemingly blind to the difference between treaty and non-treaty Indians, issued an ultimatum to all Sioux: Voluntarily proceed to the Great Sioux Reservation by January of 1876 or be considered "hostiles" subject to forced removal. The non-treaty Sioux ignored this decree. In the spring of 1876 they had gathered in the unceded territory of what is now southeastern Montana. Their numbers increased as more and more disillusioned reservation Indians joined them.
The January deadline had passed without a response, so General Philip Sheridan, commander of all armed forces on the Great Plains, decided to force the Sioux onto the Great Sioux Reservation. The loosely formulated plan featured a three-pronged operation designed to trap the Indians. Sheridan mobilized troops in Dakota, in Montana, and in Wyoming Territories.
On May 17, 1876, a column of cavalry and infantry men proceeded west from Fort Abraham Lincoln in what is now North Dakota. Under the command of General Alfred Terry, the column included the 7th Cavalry led by General George Armstrong Custer .
7th Cavalry Regiment - Early History
The early history of the 7th Cavalry Regiment, which includes details of
General Custer and the encounters and battles with the Plains Indians.
Bear Butte-Black Hills (South Dakota, USA)
A chronology about this area, with details regarding the first conflict
between the US government and the Plains Indians in 1854, Red Cloud's War
(1866-1868), the Battle of Little Big Horn, and the Battle of Wounded Knee,
as well as other information.
Court Martial of George Armstrong Custer, The
Information regarding the court martial of Custer in 1867 during the Indian
Wars, including details of the charges, findings, and members of the court.
Custer Battlefield Historical & Museum Association
Read the history of the Battle of Little Big Horn, then test your knowledge
with the online quiz provided. Biographical details about Custer, Frederick
Benteen, Marcus Reno, and Sitting Bull, plus a list of books that are
available for purchase are also included.
Frederick W. Benteen
This site contains biographical information about Benteen, with details
about his career and his intense hatred of General Custer.
General George A. Custer Home Page
Lots of interesting information on General Custer and the Battle of Little
Big Horn. Some details include a brief biographical sketch of his life,
myths about the battle, his true rank, survivors of the battle, and some
Kansas Forts Network
Learn the histories of eight major forts in Kansas, such as Forts
Leavenworth, Hays, and Dodge, and view a map showing their locations.
Details about the battles and the conflicts that occurred during the Indian
Wars, plus some information on soldiers' lives during those days.
Timeline of Events Relevant to the Northern Plains Tribes
Battles, treaties, and other events that had relevance to the Plains Indians
are included in this timeline. Details on the Sioux Uprising (or Santee
War), Red Cloud's War, the Battle of Little Big Horn, Massacre at Wounded
Knee, and several others, plus information about the people involved.