New Jersey Women's History



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Women at Work


1700   Deed of Purchase between Blandina Bayard and the Hackensack Indians, 1700.

1700  NJ Indian Mortar and Pestle .

1828   Painting of a scrubwomen by Baroness Hyde de Neuville (Anne Marguerite Henriette de Marigny Hyde de Neuville, unknown -1849).

1844   Carrie Cook Sanborn, nineteenth century Quaker, artist, head of the Cedars Art Colony, Point Pleasant Beach, New Jersey.

1854   Mary Paul's letter from the North American Phalanx, describes her life and work in the community, 1854. 

1861   Grave of Annie L. Reeder (1825-1904) A nurse at the Battle of Gettysburg, July 4, 1863. Bordentown Cemetery, Bordentown, NJ. 

1864   Grave of Arabella Wharton Griffith Barlow (1824-1864), Civil War Nurse. Somerville Cemetery, Somerville, New Jersey. 

1865  Mary Mapes Dodge (1831-1905) Tablet.

1866   Lily Martin Spencer (1822-1902) painting, "War Spirit at Home," one of the most popular paintings of the mid-19th century.

1869   Strawberry Fields, Burlington County, 1869, a Harper's Weekly newspaper illustration. 

1874   Violet Oakley, an important American muralist, was born in Bergen Heights in 1874.

1878   Cranberry Bog, Ocean County Pickers at Work; a newspaper illustration from Harper's Weekly, November 10, 1878.

1885   Morris Canal Workers, 1885, an illustration from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper

1887   Leonora M. Barry's Report on Women's Work in New Jersey.  The Knights of Labor inspector of women's work inspects Trenton, Newark, Bordentown, Lambertville and Paterson, 1887. 

1890   Women cotton thread workers, c. 1890, an engraving of workers at the Clark Thread Company, Kearney. 

1895   Women Insurance Workers, Newark, 1895, a photograph of policy writers at Prudential Insurance Company. 

1913   Women Silk Workers, Paterson, 1913. 

1913   Elizabeth Gurley Flynn Remembers the Paterson Silk Strike. Flynn recalls strike assemblies and women's meetings, 1913. 

c. 1917   Alice Paul (1885-1979) of Moorestown, militant suffragist. 

1917  Delivery Room at Newark  After World War I, especially in urban areas, pregnant women increasingly opted for giving birth under the care of a female or male physician in a hospital, rather than at home attended by a midwife or family doctor.

1920  Night work for women.  In the 1920s, the New Jersey Consumerís League and the National Consumerís League, studied the working conditions of women in the state of New Jersey and, in particular, the conditions in the textile mills of Passaic.

c. 1922-23   Watch Dial Painters, c. 1922-1923, a photograph of workers at the U.S. Radium Corporation in Orange.

1923  Newspaper article by Beatrice Winser, director of Newark Public Library.  

1927  "Queensborough Bridge," by Elsie Driggs.

c. 1932   Rita Sapiro Finkler (1888-1968), path-breaking physician and pioneering endocrinologist. 

1932  Domestic Science Class.    New Jersey State Manual Training and Industrial School for Colored Youth, Bordentown.

1937   Dorothy Cross (1906-1974), an expert on the Delaware Indians and Jersey archeology. Photographed here in 1937. 

1943   Marion Hankins, a member of a World War II aircraft riveting team that helped build TBM Avengers Airplanes.

1943   Women workers at the Federal Shipyard, Newark, 1943, sewing safety nets on a destroyer escort. 

1944   Women in the U. S. Army, 1944, a photograph of WACs at Fort Hancock 

1947   Mary Norton and the Women of the 80th Congress, 1947. 

1952   New Jersey Wage Discrimination Act. This act was New Jersey's first equal pay act, 1952. 

c. 1982   Millicent Hammond Fenwick (1910-1992), United States Congresswoman, c. 1982.

1995   Grace Hartigan, abstract expressionist.

2001   Portrait of Bernarda Bryson Shahn, at 99, by Mel Leipzig.

Women's Project of New Jersey
Copyright 2002, The Women's Project of New Jersey, Inc.

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