New Jersey Women's History



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1753, "An Invitation Ode to a Young Lady...1753"     This poem was written by Annis Boudinot ( 1736-1801) at the age of 16. She wrote in the neoclassical style that was popular in 18th century England. Annis grew up as the privileged daughter of prosperous descendants of French Huguenots.

1760 - 1770 Linen and Wood Stays  Stays, sometimes called a pair of stays, were a common womanís garment in the 18th and early 19th centuries

1789  Engraving, Washington Reception.  In April of 1789, George Washington traveled from Mount Vernon,
his home in Virginia, to New York City where he was to be inaugurated the first president of the United States.

1828  The Manumission of Ann and Rufus Johnson.     Ann and Rufus Johnson were 14 and 15 years old respectively when New Jersey enacted gradual manumission in 1804. They, however, were not positively affected by the law.

1840  Esther "Hetty" Sanders      "The Little Wanderer" by Esther "Hetty" Saunders, c. 1793-1862.

1860  Opheleton Seminary for Young Ladies; Plainfield, 1860.

1869  Strawberry Fields (forever) This 1869 newspaper engraving shows women, children, and men at work picking strawberries for William Parry of Cinnaminson.

1885  Morris Canal Workers     Entire families lived and worked on the shipping boats that plied the Morris Canal between Phillipsburg and Jersey City after the canal was opened as a major commercial route in the 1830s.

1892  Bessie Holmes Moore      Described as the "little girl from New Jersey", 16-year-old Bessie Moore of Ridgewood was a newcomer to national lawn tennis competition in 1892 .

1909  Ridgewood High School Basketball    Women's basketball became a popular sport for high school girls in the early twentieth century.

1920  Nightwork for Women    In the 1920s, the New Jersey Consumerís League and the National Consumerís League, studied the working conditions of women in the state of New Jersey and, in particular, the conditions in the textile mills of Passaic.

1920 Day Rest after Night Work  The photo, right, is an ironic commentary on women factory workersí "double day" of work at home and at the mill, showing the demanding amount of housework to be done after working the night shift in a mill.

1926  Striker's Children Kitchen   On January 25, 1926, six thousand workers struck the Botany Mill in Passaic.

1928   Whittier House Cooking Class.

1932   Domestic science class, New Jersey State Manual Training and Industrial School for Colored Youth, photograph, 1932.

1940  Child Labor on New Jersey Farms  The Consumers' League of New Jersey investigated child labor in New Jersey as early as 1905.

1952 Racially Integrated Classroom    School segregation in New Jersey was outlawed in 1947 under Article I of the newly ratified New Jersey Constitution.

1970 Women's March for Equality   On August 26, 1970, the 50th anniversary of the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote, women all across the state marched to show their support for feminist initiatives for womenís rights.

1993  Christie Whitman   Christine Todd Whitman, (1946- ), a Republican from Somerset County, is the first woman to be elected to the governorship of New Jersey.



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