Click on button beside each word to indicate how it is abbreviated in the text.
The text is not heavily abbreviated. This is just a sample from one section. A greater proportion of the Latin words and proper nouns, or names, in the text are abbreviated compared to the Old English words. The first row shows the former and the second row the latter. The Tironian symbol for the Latin et< is used for and. This seems to go along with the interpolation of Latin words for any sort of religious concept to indicate that there is something slightly uncomfortable about Old English as a written language. It is becoming a valued thing, as evidence by the addition of the gloss and the colophon, but the writer lapses easily into the more familiar Latin written traditions.
Lindisfarne Gospels, late 7th century (British Library, Cotton Nero DIV, f.259). From E.G. Millar 1923 The Lindisfarne Gospels London: British Museum.

| overview | text | alphabet | abbreviations | exercises | transcript | translation |

Click on each of the above to walk your way through a segment of the text. The transcript will appear in a separate window so that you can use it for reference at any time. These exercises are designed to guide you through the text, not test you, so you can cheat as much as you like.
Medieval Writing
Script sample for this example
Index of Exercises
Index of Scripts

If you are looking at this page without frames, there is more information about medieval writing to be found by going to the home page (framed) or the site map (no frames).
This site is created and maintained by Dr Dianne Tillotson, freelance researcher and compulsive multimedia and web author. Comments are welcome. Material on this web site is copyright, but some parts more so than others. Please check here for copyright status and usage before you start making free with it. This page last modified 14/4/2005.