> Native American Nations
> List of Tribes
> Federally Recognized Tribes
> Tribal Information

Native Americans - American Indians, The First People of America

Cadina Chenewith and an unidentified woman, ca. 1900

Two Plateau women pose for their portrait in an early Yakima-area photographer's studio. The seated woman is identified as Cadina Chenewith (1875-1940), daughter of Young Chief Chenewith of the Mid-Columbia and Cascade Tribes. Her companion holds a beaded bag, a popular item among Plateau Indians at this time.

The Yakama, Nez Perce, Spokane, and other Plateau tribes of Washington state live east of the Cascade Range in the area drained by the Columbia River. Indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Sahaptin-Chinook branch of the Penutian linguistic stock. In the early 19th cent. they lived along the Columbia and the Yakima rivers, in central Washington. They then numbered some 1,200. In 1855 an attempt by the United States to place the Yakima on a reservation resulted in a war. Under a capable leader, Kamiakin, the Yakima continued warfare until 1859, when they were placed on a reservation in Washington. The culture of the Yakima was of the Plateau cultural area; they subsisted on salmon, roots, berries, and nuts. Today they live on the Yakima Reservation, where the main income is derived through forestry. See Click Relander, Strangers on the Land (1962).

1852 drawing of Chief Kamiakin

Captain Billy and his wife on horseback, ca. 1900

Yakama Indian Captain Billy wears animal skin decorations in his hair, and his wife carries a cornhusk bag on her horse's saddle. Both horses wear feathers on their bridles. In a series of nearly 100 glass negatives made by Yakima photographer Thomas Rutter, this is the only one labeled with the subjects' names, and also one of the few which has broken.

Caption on image: "Captain Billy and squaw"

The Catholic Encyclopedia: Yakima Indians - http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15732a.htm
History of the missionizing of the Yakima, from the New Advent Catholics.

Mattie Spencer, Klikitat girl, ca. 1900

The Last Indian War - http://www.alphacdc.com/sapadawn/last-cov.html
The struggle of the Yakima and other northwestern Indian tribes for self-determination and fishing rights.

Yakima Chief Jobe Charley, Toppenish, Washington, ca. 1950

The Yakima - http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/yakima.html
Ethnography of the tribe by E.S. Curtis, with sepia photographs.

Tulee v. State OF Washington, 315 U.S. 681 (1942) - http://caselaw.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=315&invol=681
A 1942 U.S. Supreme Court case about fishing rights for the Yakima Indians.

Who Were Those Indians? - http://www.enthuz.com/friends/family/resources/natives.html
Article about a pioneer settler's account of several Indian tribes in the Cascades area, including the Yakima.

Yakama Nation Land Enterprise - http://ynle.com/
Based in Toppenish, Washington. Farms, orchards, and produce stand; RV park, land purchase, leasing and management. Maps and staff contact information.

Yakima Forest Products - http://www.yakama-forest.com/
Based in White Swan, Washington; ecologically sensitive and native-owned. Virtual tour of the mill and video of the equipment in operation. Cross country railroad shipment rates, industry links.

Yakima Indian Nation Cultural Center - http://www.yakima.net/yakima/tourist/indian.htm
Lists facilities, hours, location, and gives phone number.

Yakima Nation Economic Development Office - http://www.wolfenet.com/~yingis/
Portal to all programs: agriculture, infrastructure, tourism and RV park, human resources, cultural center, casino, and forestry products. Strategic goals and contact information.

Yakima Nation Museum - http://www.tcfn.org/tctour/museums/Yakama.html
Information about hours, location and admission, along with cultural and anthropological information and a bibliiography.

Yakima Reservation Boundary - http://www.washington.edu/uwired/outreach/cspn/hstaa432/lesson_12/yakima.html
Photograph from the 1950s of Yakima Indians at their reservation boundary.