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Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock. In the early 17th cent. they occupied the region extending E from Narragansett Bay to the Atlantic Ocean, including Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The Wampanoag were sometimes referred to as the Pokanoket, from the name of their principal village. When the Pilgrims settled (1620) at Plymouth, the Wampanoag, although reduced by the pestilence of 1617, were powerful, living in some 30 villages. Their chief, Massasoit, was very friendly to the settlers. His son, Philip, however, was the central figure of the deadliest war with the colonists, King Philip's War (1675). The victory of the English brought ruin to the tribe. The Wampanoag were harried almost out of existence, the remnant consolidating with the Saconnet. There are still a few Native Americans of Wampanoag descent, living mainly in Massachusetts. The Wampanoag were of the Eastern Woodlands culture area. See M. A. Travers, The Wampanoag Indian Federation of the Algonquian Nation (rev. ed. 1961). Massasoit c.1580-1661, chief of the Wampanoag. He was also known as Ousamequin (spelled in various ways). One of the most powerful native rulers of New England, he went to Plymouth in 1621 and signed a treaty with the Pilgrims, which he faithfully observed until his death. He befriended Roger Williams and was a friend of Edward Winslow. In 1632 he fought his enemy, Canonicus, ruler of the Narragansett. Massasoit's son, Metacomet, became famous as King Philip  See biography by A. G. Weeks (1919).

Ethnic Groups of New Bedford  - http://www.newbedford.com/ntvamerican.html
Information about the Wampanoag of New Bedford.

Gabriel Horn  - http://www.ipl.org/cgi/ref/native/browse.pl/A292
Some biographical information and a bibliography of Wampanoag author also known as White Deer of Autumn.

King Philip War  - http://www.publicbookshelf.org/public_html/Our_Country_Vol_1/kingphili_hj.html
An excerpt from "Our Country", published in the late 1800's. This chronicles Philip's declaration of war in 1675 and the events which followed.

Massasoit  - http://encarta.msn.com/find/Concise.asp?ti=017C3000
Encarta encyclopedia article about the Wampanoag chief, also known as Ousamequin or Yellow Feather, who signed one of the first treaties with the Pilgrims.

Nipmuc.Net  - http://geocities.com/quinnips/main.html
Unfinished site with a wealth of historical documents about the Nipmuc and Wampanoag Indians.

Philip  - http://encarta.msn.com/find/Concise.asp?ti=02318000
Encarta encylopedia article about the Wampanoag chief, a son of Massasoit, who led an uprising against the Pilgrims called King Philip's war.

Ramona Peters  - http://www.realbodies.com/rpeters/
Modern-day Mashpee Wampanoag artist; biographical and contact information.

Seaconke Wampanoag Tribe  - http://geocities.com/destiny02879/index.html
Massasoit's people memorialize the gifts of the Massasoit and the tragedy of King Philip's War with a modern day journey of peace. Pictures, history, and links.

Seaconke Wampanoag Tribe, Wampanoag Nation  - http://www.inphone.com/seahome.html
Massasoit's people continue the journey... The survivors of King Philip's War call for peace!

The 1621 Peace Treaty with Massasoit  - http://www.night.net/thanksgiving/massasoit-treaty.html
Text of this peace treaty between the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag leader, which helped keep the peace during his lifetime.

The Wampanoag Tribes  - http://www.pilgrims.net/native_americans/
The Wampanoag Tribe and its relationship to the Plymouth and the Pilgrims, with links to Plymouth history and information about Massasoit.

Wampanoag  - http://encarta.msn.com/find/Concise.asp?ti=0358E000
An Encarta Encyclopedia article.

Wampanoag Cultural Survival  - http://www.plimoth.org/Library/Wampanoag/wampnow.htm
History and some comments on the current generation; from the museum, Plimoth Plantation.

Wampanoag History  - http://www.dickshovel.com/wampa.html
Compact tribal history from contact until now.

Wampanoag Tribe  - http://www.vineyard.net/org/mvcc/wpinfo.html
Official page of the Wampanoag of Gay Head (Aquinnah), with a brief profile and a map.

Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head  - http://www.wampanoagtribe.net/
News, events, programs and services, plus store and links to related sites.

Aquidneck Indian Council  - http://members.nbci.com/Wampanoag/obrien.html
Native people of southeast New England working to preserve and revive the Massachusett language. With Massachusett glossaries.