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Native North Americans, also called the Arkansas, whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock. They once lived with the Omaha, the Kansa, the Ponca, and the Osage in the Ohio valley, but when the groups separated the Quapaw migrated down the Mississippi River. Jacques Marquette arrived at their village in 1673 and was the first of many French explorers to visit the Quapaw. They made a large land cession to the United States in 1818 and some years later moved to Oklahoma, where they later lived on a reservation. Today they number some 700. The Quapaw were essentially of the Plains culture, but they had other distinctive traits; they built temple and burial mounds and lived in longhouses.

Quapaw Official Webpage  - http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Aegean/1388/
Features information on this Indian tribe's culture, language, and history.

The Flag of the Quapaw  - http://users.aol.com/Donh523/navapage/quapaw.htm
The Quapaw flag and an explanation of its history and symbolism.