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Oto Native North Americans, also called the Otoe, whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock. At one time, with the Iowa and the Missouri, they formed part of the Winnebago nation, N of the Great Lakes. The Oto with the Missouri left the nation, but after a quarrel the Oto separated from the Missouri and settled in S Minnesota. Constantly beset by overpowering enemies, they were driven south and joined the Pawnee near the mouth of the Platte River. In 1880-82 the Oto migrated to Oklahoma. The Oto had a Plains area type of culture. See B. B. Chapman, The Otoes and the Missourias (1965).

Anna Lee Walters  - http://www.hanksville.org/storytellers/ALWalters/
Profile of the Pawnee/Otoe-Missouria author with links to her work.

Annette Arkeketa  - http://www.hanksville.org/storytellers/annette/
Profile of the Missouria-Otoe/Muscogee poet with links to her work.

Ioway and Otoe Tribal Genealogy  - http://ioway.org/genealogy.html
An overview of Ioway heritage as a rich mixture of Otoe, Omaha, Missouria, and other tribes, originating as moundbuilders of the upper Mississippi Valley.

Lewis and Clark in Nebraska  - http://www.ukans.edu/carrie/kancoll/andreas_ne/history/erlyhst-p5.html
Excerpt from Andreas' History of Nebraska, published in 1882, relates the first official contact with the Otoes and other tribes along the Missouri River.

Office of Native American Programs  - http://www.codetalk.fed.us/spotoemo.html
Listing of federal program offices and contacts for the Otoe-Missouria tribe.

Otoe: Sample Entry  - http://www.d.umn.edu/~ahartley/OTOE.html
Alan H. Hartley's mock-up of how "Otoe" would appear in the Oxford English Dictionary, with variant spellings and historical citations.

The Flag of the Otoe-Missouria  - http://users.aol.com/Donh523/navapage/misso.htm
Photograph of the tribal flag, with a description of the clan totems.

The History of the Otoe Tribe  - http://www.suite101.com/welcome.cfm/history_oto_tribe
Collection of research articles on the history, culture, and spirituality of the Otoe tribe.

The Otoe-Missouria Nation  - http://www.north-ok.edu/sb/six_tribes/6c_otoe_1_4.htm
A history of the tribe, provided by the Standing Bear Foundation of Northern Oklahoma University.

The Snow Bunting  - http://www4.district125.k12.il.us/faculty/smcgrath/VC97/AMERICA/SNOW.HTM
Schoolchildren's presentation of the Otoe story of how the snow bunting earned its name.

The Story of the Peace Pipe  - http://camlyn.webservepro.com/folk/pipe.html
Otoe legend from a book by Bernice G. Anderson. Site plays new age music.