Omaha Native Americans whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock. They, with the Ponca, migrated from the Ohio valley to the confluence of the Missouri and the Mississippi rivers and from there to Iowa. At the mouth of the Niobrara River in Nebraska they separated from the Ponca. The Omaha moved farther up the Missouri River, but after an outbreak (1802) of smallpox, which considerably reduced their population, they moved to NE Nebraska. A typical tribe of the Plains area, they lived in earth lodges in the winter and tepees in the summer. They warred intermittently against the Sioux. In 1854 the Omaha ceded all their lands W of the Missouri River to the United States and moved to Dakota co., Nebr. In 1865 they sold part of their reservation to the United States for the use of the Winnebago. An act of 1882 granted the Omaha the right to own land individually; some continued to live on the Omaha Reservation. See Alice Fletcher, A Study of Omaha Indian Music (1893); Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, The Omaha Tribe (1907); R. F. Fortune, Omaha Secret Societies (1932).
Early History of Omaha - http://www.chasenegw.com/theindians.htm
Chapter from a book originally printed in 1876. Discusses some 19th century history of the Omaha and Pawnee from a 19th century perspective.
History of the Omaha Indian Tribe - http://az.essortment.com/omahaindianshi_rjom.htm
Brief article by PageWise.
Logan Fontenelle - http://www.ukans.edu/~kansite/hvn/books/nbstory/story23.html
Simple information of the 19th century Omaha Indian chief from a textbook for children.
Mark Awakuni-Swetland - http://www.libfind.unl.edu/artsci/columns/fall99/awakuni.html
Article profiling a white man adopted into Omaha Indian society.
Omaha Indian Music - http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/omhhtml/
A description, with links and soundclips, of material in the Library of Congress.
Omaha Literature - http://www.indians.org/welker/omaha.htm
Two Omaha Indian quotes, one from Chief Big Elk and one from a warrior song.
Omaha Tribe - http://www.esu3.org/districts/gretna/elem/nawebpages/Omaha.html
A third grader's report on the Omaha Indians.
Private Pierre Cruzatte - http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/inside/pcruz.html
Biography of the French-Omaha voyager on the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Treaty of Washington, D.C. with the Omaha - http://www.councilfire.com/treaty/treat328.htm
Treaty of March 6, 1865.
Two Crows - http://www.ukans.edu/~kansite/hvn/books/nbstory/story44.html
Story from a children's textbook of an Omaha orator quieting an argument.