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Ojibwa A group of Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock. In the mid-17th cent., when visited by Father Claude Jean Allouez, they occupied the shores of Lake Superior. They were constantly at war with the Sioux and the Fox over possession of the rich fields of wild rice in this region. When the Ojibwa received (c.1690) firearms from the French, they drove the Fox from N Wisconsin. They then turned against the Sioux, compelling them to cross the Mississippi River. The Ojibwa continued their expansion W across Minnesota and North Dakota until they reached the Turtle Mts. in N central North Dakota. This group became the Plains Ojibwa. In 1736 the Ojibwa obtained their first foothold E of Lake Superior, and after a series of engagements with the Iroquois, they obtained the peninsula between Lake Huron and Lake Erie. Thus by the mid-18th cent. the Ojibwa controlled a large area, from the eastern shore of Lake Huron in the east to the Turtle Mts. in the west. The Ojibwa, one of the largest tribes N of Mexico, then numbered some 25,000. They were allied with the French in the French and Indian Wars, and with the British in the War of 1812. After the War of 1812 they made a treaty with the United States, and since that time they have lived on reservations in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and North Dakota. The Ojibwa, except for the Plains Ojibwa, were a fairly sedentary people who depended for food on fishing, hunting (deer), farming (corn and squash), and the gathering of wild rice. They obtained and used maple sugar and smoked kinnikinnick, a tobacco made from dried leaves and bark. The characteristic dwelling was the wigwam. The Ojibwa had a unique form of picture writing that was intimately connected with the religious and magico-medical rites of the Midewiwin society. Their name also occurs as Ojibway and Chippeway, but they are not to be confused with the Chipewyan. See Frances Densmore, Chippewa Customs (1929, repr. 1970); Ruth Landes, Ojibwa Sociology (1937, repr. 1969) and Ojibwa Woman (1938, repr. 1971); Harold Hickerson, The Chippewa and Their Neighbors (1970).

Ojibway Culture and History
Topics covered include the clan system, spirituality, the migration, and the
naming ceremony.

You'll find a lot of good information here, including a list of all the
tribal names which apply to these people. Text only.

Ojibwe Language and Culture
What you'll find here goes far beyond the Ojibwe people. Check out the
cross-cultural pages for general information, or the essays which deal with
various subjects.

Ojibwe Language and Culture
Common phrases and words, with a pronunciation guide, explanations of
differences between Native and white language, essays and stories and
cultural differences, along with history, are all apart of this informative