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Menominee The indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock . Also called the Menomini, they were a sedentary people who chiefly subsisted on the gathering of wild rice; the Algonquian name for wild rice is manomin. In c.1634, when they were visited by the missionary Jean Nicolet, the Menominee were living at the mouth of the Menominee River in Wisconsin and Michigan. From 1671 until 1854 they inhabited settlements that extended from the Menominee River S to the Fox River and bordered the western shore of Green Bay. Although some of the Menominee supported the British in the American Revolution and the War of 1812, they were generally peaceful toward the American settlers. The Menominee were, however, bitter enemies of the neighboring Algonquian tribes, who waged constant warfare to drive the Menominee out of the rich wild-rice area. In 1854 the Menominee were settled on a reservation (Menominee Reservation) on the Wolf River, in N central Wisconsin. The reservation became a county of Wisconsin in 1961 when the Menominee became independent of Federal control. See Felix Keesing, The Menomini Indians of Wisconsin (1939, repr. 1971); Louise Spindler, Menomini Women and Culture Change (1962).

College of Menominee Nation Home  - http://www.menominee.edu/
Homepage of the Menominee College, with links to other sites.

Menominee  - http://www.glitc.org/menom.htm
Fact sheet on the tribe from the Great Lakes Intertribal Council.

Menominee  - http://www.geocities.com/bigorrin/meno.htm
Background information and indexed links about Menominee culture, community, history, language, and genealogy.

Menominee  - http://www.nmsu.edu/~histdept/jacobs/menominees.html
Ethnography of the Menominee tribe.

Menominee Culture  - http://www.mpm.edu/wirp/ICW-54.html
Articles on Menominee culture from the Indian Country Wisconsin series.

Menominee Mining Impacts Office  - http://www.menominee.com/nomining/home.html
Menominee opposition to mining on their tribal lands.

Menominee Tribe  - http://www.menominee.nsn.us/
Official homepage of the Wisonsin tribe, with information on culture, history, sustainable forestry, and government.

Who were the Menominee Indians?  - http://riri.essortment.com/menominenative_rmrt.htm
The history, culture, societal make-up, hunting and spiritual life of the Menominee Indians, and a look at their life today.