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Hupa aka Hoopa
Hupa aka Hoopa Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Athabascan branch of the Nadene linguistic stock. In the 19th cent. they occupied the valley of the Trinity River from Hoopa valley to the Klamath River in NW California. Their cedar-planked houses, dugout canoes, basket hats, and many elements in their mythology identify them with the Northwest Coast culture, of which they are the southernmost representatives; however, some of their customse.g., the use of a sweat house for ceremonies and the manufacture of acorn breadare not characteristic of that culture area. In 1864 the U.S. government made their lands a reservation (Hoopa Valley), where they now reside with their neighbors, the Yurok. The name is sometimes spelled Hupa. See P. E. Goddard, Life and Culture of the Hupa (1903).