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Hohokam The term denoting the culture of the ancient agricultural populations inhabiting the Salt and Gila river valleys of S Arizona (300-1200 a.d. ). They are noted for their extensive irrigation systems, with canals over 10 mi (16 km) long that channeled water to agricultural fields in an otherwise arid and inhospitable environment. Many architectural features of Hohokam settlements, including sunken ball-courts and pyramidal mounds, bear striking similarities to structures common among contemporary populations in central Mexico. Evidence also shows that they maintained extensive trade connections with groups further south, leading to speculation that the Hohokam settlements were founded by Mesoamerican migrants. Most archaeologists agree, however, that Hohokam culture evolved from local archaic antecedents. Debate persists regarding the fate of the Hohokam. The region was inhabited in historical times by the Pima and Papago, although it is not entirely clear that the Hohokam were ancestral to either group. See E. W. Haury, The Hohokam (1976).

3D Hohokam Pithouse  - http://www.pleione.com/pithouse/
Computer rendering of an ancient Hohokam dwelling.

A Visit with the Hisatsinom (Anasazi) and the Hohokam Peoples  - http://home.earthlink.net/~jsmog/hohokam.html
Indexed links to the prehistory of these two Southwestern peoples.

Colossal Cave Mountain Park  - http://www.colossalcave.com/welcome.html
A minor Hohokam site near Tucson.

Fort Lowell Hohokam  - http://www.library.arizona.edu/images/diverse/ftlowell/hohokam.htm
A brief discussion of the Hohokam presence around this old fort, north of Tucson.

Hohokam  - http://www.coco.cc.az.us/~apeterse/ART103/hohokam.htm
Historical overview of the Hohokam, part of a community college art class syllabus.

Hohokam Ballplayers Made The Bleachers At Yankee Stadium Seem Tame By Comparison  - http://www.desert.net/tw/11-13-97/curr2.htm
An article from the Tucson Weekly on ancient Hohokam sports.

Hohokam Indian Page  - http://www.cudenver.edu/stc-link/hohokam/Hohokam.htm
A computer model of an ancient Hohokam village, with text information available for each part of the village.

Hohokam Indians of the Tucson Basin  - http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/online.bks/hohokam/Titlhoho.htm
An on-line version of a book on the Hohokam, from the University of Arizona Press.

Hohokum Indians in Arizona  - http://biology.uoregon.edu/Biology_www/Online_classes/Bi103s97/l11/tsld011.htm
Slide presentation. Paragraphs must be individually paged through.

Pueblo Grande Platform Mound, A Labor Investment Analysis  - http://www.geocities.com/jqjacobs/southwest/pueblo_grande.html
Various authors have estimated and/or directly surveyed the size of the Pueblo Grande platform mound. Based on the platform mound size of 300 x 100 x 15 feet, a volume estimate of 450,000 cubic feet was arrived at.

The Hohokam Desert People  - http://www.desertusa.com/ind1/du_peo_hoh.html
Profile of the ancient Hohokam people, with links to monument sites.