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Chippewa aka Ojibwa The group of Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock. In the mid-17th cent., when visited by Father Claude Jean Allouez, they occupied the shores of Lake Superior. They were constantly at war with the Sioux and the Fox over possession of the rich fields of wild rice in this region. When the Ojibwa received (c.1690) firearms from the French, they drove the Fox from N Wisconsin. They then turned against the Sioux, compelling them to cross the Mississippi River. The Ojibwa continued their expansion W across Minnesota and North Dakota until they reached the Turtle Mts. in N central North Dakota. This group became the Plains Ojibwa. In 1736 the Ojibwa obtained their first foothold E of Lake Superior, and after a series of engagements with the Iroquois, they obtained the peninsula between Lake Huron and Lake Erie. Thus by the mid-18th cent. the Ojibwa controlled a large area, from the eastern shore of Lake Huron in the east to the Turtle Mts. in the west. The Ojibwa, one of the largest tribes N of Mexico, then numbered some 25,000. They were allied with the French in the French and Indian Wars, and with the British in the War of 1812. After the War of 1812 they made a treaty with the United States, and since that time they have lived on reservations in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and North Dakota. The Ojibwa, except for the Plains Ojibwa, were a fairly sedentary people who depended for food on fishing, hunting (deer), farming (corn and squash), and the gathering of wild rice. They obtained and used maple sugar and smoked kinnikinnick, a tobacco made from dried leaves and bark. The characteristic dwelling was the wigwam. The Ojibwa had a unique form of picture writing that was intimately connected with the religious and magico-medical rites of the Midewiwin society. Their name also occurs as Ojibway and Chippeway, but they are not to be confused with the Chipewyan. See Frances Densmore, Chippewa Customs (1929, repr. 1970); Ruth Landes, Ojibwa Sociology (1937, repr. 1969) and Ojibwa Woman (1938, repr. 1971); Harold Hickerson, The Chippewa and Their Neighbors (1970).

Chippewas of the Thames
Get some good historical information and a discussion of education issues
from this first Nation located in Ontario, Canada.


Ojibway Culture and History
Topics covered include the clan system, spirituality, the migration, and the
naming ceremony.

You'll find a lot of good information here, including a list of all the
tribal names which apply to these people. Text only.

Ojibwe Language and Culture
What you'll find here goes far beyond the Ojibwe people. Check out the
cross-cultural pages for general information, or the essays which deal with
various subjects.

Ojibwe Language and Culture
Common phrases and words, with a pronunciation guide, explanations of
differences between Native and white language, essays and stories and
cultural differences, along with history, are all apart of this informative

Alderville First Nation - http://www.aldervillefirstnation.ca/
Committed to the continued nurturing of a unified balanced way of life through Traditional Anishinabek Values.

Batchewana - First Nation Of Ojibways - http://www.schoolnet.ca/aboriginal/batchewana/index-e.html
Aspiring to be a self-supporting, self-reliant, sovereign First Nation where individuals share a strong cultural identity.

Brain-Box Digital Archives - http://www.brain-box.com
Ojibwe perspectives and resources combine in a CD-ROM archive of oral history, images, and documents, available for purchase from this site. Free material for teachers also available here.

Curve Lake First Nation - http://curvelakefn.com
Curve Lake First Nation, home of the Mississauga Ojibway, is located in Ontario. The site lists many of the services available, including powwow and tourism.

Dibaudjimoh Nawash - http://www.bmts.com/~dibaudjimoh/index.html
The Chippewas of Nawash First Nation.

Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (L'Anse Reservation) - http://www.ojibwa.com/
Largest federally recognized Indian Tribe in the state of Michigan. News, goals, reservation, people, and history.

Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa - http://www.glitc.org/ldf.htm
Located in the north central Wisconsin. Fact sheet, map, and contact information.

Michipicoten First Nation - http://www.michipicoten.org/index.html
Information, news, and links from this Canadian Ojibwe Indian tribe.

Ojibways of the Pic River First Nation - http://www.picriver.com/
A small Ojibway community nestled along the north shores of Lake Superior in Ontario. Membership is approximately 800 people, with 375 members living in the community.

Ojibwe and Ottawa - http://www.geocities.com/bigorrin/ojib.htm
Background information and indexed links about Ojibwe and Ottawa culture, community, history, language, and genealogy.

Ojibwe History - http://www.tolatsga.org/ojib.html
Thorough narrative of Ojibwe history.

Red Lake Nation - http://www.redlakenation.org/
Official homepage of this Chippewa nation, representing the four villages of the Red Lake Reservation, Little Rock, Red Lake, Redby and Ponemah.

Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan - http://www.sagchip.org/
Official site offers information on government, culture, education, and gambling.

Sokaogon Ojibwe - http://www.glitc.org/mlchip.htm
Based in Crandon, Wisconsin. Basic history, location, outdoor activities and casino information.

The Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe - http://www.millelacsojibwe.org/
History, culture, and tribal information from this Minnesota-based band.

The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians - http://www.sootribe.org/
Useful information on programs and services as well as the Tribe's history.

Waywayseecappo First Nation - http://www.mts.net/waywayweb/history.html
Ojibway band located 351 kilometers northwest of Winnipeg.

White Earth Band of Chippewa - http://indy4.fdl.cc.mn.us/~isk/maps/mn/whitearth.htm
Profile of this Minnesota Ojibwe tribe, with facts and contact information.

Anishinaabemowin - http://www.msu.edu/user/dearhous/lang.html
Ojibwe grammatical notes, vocabulary, pronunciation guide, and sample dialogues in the Odaawa dialect.

First Ojibwe Language and Culture - http://first-ojibwe.net/
Ojibwe language site with an online bulletin board, wordlists, and lists of resources.

Ojibwe (Anishinaabemowin, Chippewa, Ottawa) Language - http://www.geocities.com/bigorrin/ojib.htm
Page dedicated to the Ojibwe (Anishinaabe) language, also with information and links about Ojibwe and Ottawa culture, history, and genealogy.

Ojibwe Grammar Reference - http://www.css.edu/students/pfarell/Ojibwe.html
Simple grammar of Ojibwe.

Ojibwe Language and Culture - http://www.citilink.com/~nancyv/ojibwe/o_langua.htm
Basic introduction by Nancy Vogt. Links.

Ojibwe Language Society - http://www.ojibwemowin.com/
Homepage of the Ojibwemowin Zagaswe'idiwin (Ojibwe Language Society), offering Ojibwe lessons and resources in the Minnesota area.

Speaking the Language of the Fur Trade - http://www.whiteoak.org/learning/language.htm
French, Ojibwe, and English terms relating to the fur trade; also an Ojibwe-English phrasebook.

Chipewyan - http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/chipewyan.html
Notes from "The North American Indian" by Es Curtis. Includes language, location, dress, dwellings, religion and photos.

Deh Cho First Nation - http://www.cancom.net/~dehchofn/
Descendants of the Dene People in Canada's Northwest Territories. Dene are people of several cultures who were born to the lands that they have occupied and used since time immemorial.

Dene Cultural Institute - http://www.deneculture.org/
Non-profit organization dedicated to working with the people of the Dene Nation and with other organizations to preserve, protect and promote their culture, languages, spirituality, heritage, traditions and customs.

Dene Suline/Soline (Chipewyan) Literature - http://www.indians.org/welker/chipewyn.htm
Chipewyan legend of a girl whose new husband is not what he seems.

Salt River First Nation - http://www.ravenmedia.com/srfn/
Information on land claim issues, area photos and band history.