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Caddo Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock.  These people gave their name not only to the linguistic branch but also to the Caddo confederacy, a loose federation of tribes that in prehistoric times occupied lands from the Red River valley in Louisiana to the Brazos River valley in Texas and N into Arkansas and Kansas. Members, besides the Caddo, included the Arikara, the Pawnee, the Wichita, and others. The culture of these loosely knit peoples was similar. Generally they were sedentary, living in villages of conical huts, although they did raise horses. The culture of the Caddo proper was marked by a clearly defined system of social stratification and by a religion that closely regulated daily life. Some now reside on a reservation in Oklahoma. See J. T. Hughes, Prehistory of the Caddoan-Speaking Tribes (1968).

Texas Indians: Caddo  - http://www.texasindians.com/caddo.htm
Information about the tribe's culture and history from the Handbook of Texas Indians.

The Caddo Indian Tribe Of Oklahoma  - http://www.caddonation.com/
tribal history, facts, programs, and live chat.