Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock. The name Abnaki was given to them by the French, but properly it should be Wabanaki, a word that refers to morning and the east and may be interpreted as those living at the sunrise. The Abnaki lived mostly in what is now Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. Abnaki legend has it that they came from the Southwest, but the exact time is unsure. After a series of bloody conflicts with British colonists, the Abnaki and related tribes (the Malecite, the Passamaquoddy, the Pennacook, the Penobscot, and others) withdrew into Canada, where they received protection from the French. The Abnaki were in settled villages, often surrounded by palisades, and lived by growing corn, fishing, and hunting. Their own name for their conical huts covered with bark or mats, wigwam, came to be generally used in English.
Abenaki - http://www.dickshovel.com/aben.html
A concise tribal history.
Abenaki and Penobscot - http://www.geocities.com/bigorrin/abna.htm
Simple information and indexed links about the Abenaki and Penobscot cultures, communities, history, language, and genealogy.
Abenaki Fact Sheet - http://www.nativetrail.com/en/first_peoples/abenakis.html
Covers language, lands, governance, and selected cultural heroes. Links to Odanak and Wlinak information.
Abenaquis Council of South New England - http://geocities.com/abenaquissne
Homepage features enrollment information, links, and a brief history.
Costume of the Northern New England Tribes - http://www.nativetech.org/clothing/regions/region3.html
Sketches of traditional Abenaki and Penobscot dress.
Cowasuck Band of the Pennacook-Abenaki People - http://www.cowasuck.org/
News, history, language, culture, and lots of links from this American Indian band.
Ne-Do-Ba - http://www.avcnet.org/ne-do-ba/
Based in Lewiston, Maine, USA. Named the Abenaki word for "Friends", this nonprofit promotes history and culture of the Abenaki. Bulletin board, articles, genealogy, links.
Traditional Abenaki of Mazipskwik & Related Bands - http://www.hmt.com/abenaki/
Articles on history and culture, contact information, and an online bulletin board from this Vermont band.
Who Were the Abenaki Indians? - http://scsc.essortment.com/abenakinewengl_rmru.htm
Article from PageWise. Will open new windows when you try to leave.
Abenaki Language - http://www.cowasuck.org/language/language.htm
Information and tutorials from the Cowasuck Band.
Abenaki Lessons - http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~abenaki/Wobanaki/index.htm
Abenaki language lessons and audio files from an Abenaki elder.
Abnaki (Abenaki, Penobscot, Alnombak) - http://www.geocities.com/bigorrin/abna.htm
Page dedicated to the Abnaki-Penobscot language, also with information and links about Abenaki and Penobscot culture, history, and genealogy.
Common Abenaki Words - http://www.avcnet.org/ne-do-ba/menu_lag.shtml
Semantically organized glossaries, with some background information.