The five seals, representing the five vendors, are attached to the folded lower edge of the document with parchment tags, as is usual by this date. They are of the relatively small and simple type typical of the lesser gentry or town merchants or craftsmen. Three of them appear to bear some sort of monogram, or possibly merchant's mark, while a fourth bears a figure with arms upraised. One is face down and the design cannot be seen, but it does indicate that the seal is one sided. There is writing on the seal tags, which most likely means that the tags were made from recycled parchment from an earlier document.
Private charter, 1444, from the collection of Rob Schäfer. All images © Rob Schäfer.

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Medieval Writing
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