Medieval Writing

Caroline minuscule

    • French book hand (9th century Vulgate Bible, Latin) From the scriptorium of Tours, this example shows the very pure and reformed style of the script, before it introduced its own variations and idionsycrasies and started turning into Gothic. With paleography exercise.
    • French book hand (10th century chronicle, Early French, German and Latin) This is a segment from a French chronicle containing the Strasbourg Oath, as sworn by the grandsons of Charlemagne. It is of interest not only for the script and the historical context, but also for the earliest appearance in writing of the French and German vernaculars. With paleography exercise.
    • English book hand, bold (10th century psalter, Latin) A very bold example of the script from the late 10th century Ramsay Psalter with text from Psalms 142 and 143. With paleography exercise.
    • English book hand, small (11th century psalter, Latin) A more neat and petite version of the script from the early 11th century Harley Psalter, with text from Psalm 16 and some elaborate miniatures. With paleography exercise.
    • English document hand (12th century forged charter, Latin) This is a 12th century forged charter from Battle Abbey, showing that the scribes could still produce a beautiful Caroline minuscule for their duplicitous needs. With paleography exercise.


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