The seal is of a standard equestrian type, indicating that its owner was a member of the nobility. He is depicted with very long legs and arms and a huge sword, mounted on a rather small horse which is galloping in the way that horses did before the invention of movie film, when they discovered that it wasn't done that way. The edge of the seal is damaged so that the inscription is illegible.
Charter of Gervaise Payne to the nuns of Nuneaton, late 12th century (British Library, add. charter 47424). All images by permission of the British Library.

| overview | seal | text | alphabet | abbreviations | structure | exercises |

| transcript | translation |

Click on each of the above to walk your way through the text. The transcript will appear in a separate window so that you can use it for reference at any time. These exercises are designed to guide you through the text, not test you, so you can cheat as much as you like.
Medieval Writing
Script sample for this example
Index of Exercises
Index of Scripts

If you are looking at this page without frames, there is more information about medieval writing to be found by going to the home page (framed) or the site map (no frames).
This site is created and maintained by Dr Dianne Tillotson, freelance researcher and compulsive multimedia and web author. Comments are welcome. Material on this web site is copyright, but some parts more so than others. Please check here for copyright status and usage before you start making free with it. This page last modified 1/5/2005.