Holmdel, Holmdel Township, Monmouth County
This is a 347-acre site in the rolling hills of central suburban Monmouth County.


From Garden State parkway Exit 114; take Red Hill Road south; turn right on Crawfords Corner Road; left on Roberts Road; then right on Longstreet Road; Go through the park entrance; stay right at the road junction; park in parking lot Number 2.


The name Holmdel refera to the Holmes family.

Park opened as part of New Jersey's Tercentenary celebration.

There is a 9-acre living-history farm here that was purchased by the county from Mary Longstreet Holmes Duncan. This can be visited. It has horses, mules, hogs, etc.

Spellman Estate; Holmdel; Completed in 1993, 3 Acres. The Monmouth Conservation Foundation (MCF) purchased these 3 acres of wooded land on Holmdel-Keyport Road containing a house and garage in 1993. The Foundation acquired the property with a donation from relatives of the Spellman Estate and a 50-50 Matching Funds Grant from Green Acres. Transfer of the property to the County Park System as an addition to Holmdel Park took place in 1996.
(Source: http://www.monmouthconservation.org/land.html)

Also here is an arboretum in the southwest section of the park in the vicinity of Upper Pond and Lower Pond.

This park draws some of the largest numbers of residents seeking recreation and relaxation. The tennis courts are popular as are the hiking trails through magnificent stands of beech trees, fishing ponds, playgrounds, picnic areas, and the large shelter building with fireplace and snack bar. You can challenge yourself with 32 exercises on the fit trail. You will be amazed by the season-changing beauty of the arboretum. On cold, snowy days, rosy cheeked residents skate, sled and cross country ski across this family park. The Activity Center just north of the main park entrance contains a nature shop and a small animal collection open Monday-Friday. Also here, visit Longstreet Farm described below. The entrance to this 340 acre park is on Longstreet Road in Holmdel.


Your trip to Holmdel Park is not complete without visiting the restored 14 room farmhouse, 14 outbuildings and farm animals that make up Longstreet Farm. This window into Monmouth County's past is a working farm where people dressed in 1890's period costumes plow fields, feed animals, cook, clean and explain farm life to you. Ask about guided tours and special programs like Barnyard Adventures for children. Enter this nine-acre farm from Longstreet Road.

Longstreet Farm was among the largest and most prosperous farms in Holmdel. The original 495 acres were assembled in 1806 by Hendrick Longstreet from several farms. During the 1890s, it was owned by his daughter Mary Ann Longstreet who was in her seventies. The farm was managed at that time by Hendrick's great-grandson Jonathan I. Holmes, who was in his twenties.

Jonathan inherited the farm in 1911 from his aunt, Mary Ann Longstreet. The farm remained in the family until it was purchased by Monmouth County in 1967 from Jonathan's daughter and heir, Marry Longstreet Holmes Duncan. The farm opened to the public in 1972.


The Holmdel Arboretum was established in the fall of 1963 and is administered by the Monmouth County Shade Tree Commission with the cooperation of the Monmouth County Park System at Holmdel Park. The 20 acres contains hundreds of species, cultivars, and varieties of ornamental trees and shrubs. A map at the Arboretum entrance identifies the major plant collections by a color code.

There is a weeping pagoda tree, weeping ginkgo, Cedrus species, dwarf conifers, flowering crab apples, cherries, purple-leaf plums, and cotoneasters.


Food service, restrooms, playground, tennis, sledding, picnic area, ice hockey, ice skating, and fitness trail. Bicycles and horses are not permitted on trails.


Ponds, marsh, woods.


Pond Walk Trail:
An easy trail for all people; goes around the Lower Pond; 4/10 of a mile; 10 minutes.

Beech Glen Trail:
Easy trail of about mile; 15 minutes; can be a circular walk.

Ridge Walk Trail:
Easy trail of 1.1 miles; takes 30 minutes. Can hook up with the High Point Trail for a longer circular walk.

High Point Trail:
Moderate trail of .6 mile.

Cross Country Trail:
Moderate trail at 3.1 miles.

Marsh Trail:
Easy trail at .8 of a mile


Linda Kelly and Dr. Patrick L. Cooney

Compiled from visits Sept. 29, 2000; Oct. 9, 2000; May 1, 2001; May 3, 2001; May 5, 2001.
Dates after entries indicate plants found in bloom.

Acer japonica (Japanese maple)
Acer negundo (box-elder maple)
Acer palmatum (cut-leaved Japanese maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Amelanchier sp. (shadbush)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula nigra (river birch)
Betula papyrifera (paper birch) in arboretum
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea chinense (Chinese chestnut)
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/03/01
Fagus grandifolia (beech tree)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (green ash)
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Ilex opaca (American holly)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Magnolia sp. (magnolia)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (sour gum)
Paulownia tomentosa (empress tree)
Picea abies (Norway spruce)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Pinus sylvestris (Scotch pine)
Pinus thunbergii (Japanese black pine)
Platanus occidentalis (sycamore)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Prunus avium (sweet cherry)
Pyrus malus (apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus phellos (willow oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Salix babylonica (weeping willow)
Salix nigra (black willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras) 5/03/01
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood)
Cornus amomum (silky dogwood)
Cornus kousa (kousa dogwood)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Forsythia sp. (golden bells)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex crenata (Japanese holly)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spice bush) 5/01/00
Mitchella repens (partridge berry)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Rhododendron maximum (rosebay rhododendron)
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinkster flower) 5/03/01
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus laciniatus (cut-leaved blackberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elder)
Sorbus aucuparia (mountain ash)
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet)
Syringa sp. (lilac)
Vaccinium corymbosum (high bush blueberry) 5/05/01
Vaccinium pallidum (lowbush blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaved viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum (northern arrowwood)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw) 5/05/01
Vinca minor (periwinkle) 5/05/01

Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Clematis virginiana (virgin's bower)
Clematis terniflora (clematis, virgin's bower)
Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder) 9/29/00
Hedera helix (English ivy)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honey suckle) 9/29/00
Mikania scandens (climbing hempweed)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Rubus flagellaris (dewberry)
Smilax rotundifolia (common greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)
Vitis riparia (riverbank grape)
Vitis vulpina (frost grape)

Abutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)
Acalypha rhomboidea (three-seeded mercury)
Acalypha virginica (Virginia three-seeded mercury)
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Acorus calamus (sweetflag)
Actaea alba (white baneberry) 5/05/01
Agrimonia sp. (agrimony)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/05/01
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Amaranthus retroflexus (green amaranth)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 9/29/00
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone) 5/03/01
Apocynum sp. (dogbane)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit) 5/03/01
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asarum canadense (wild ginger)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed)
Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 9/29/00
Aster dumosus (bushy aster) 9/29/00
Aster lanceolatus (panicled aster) 9/29/00
Aster lateriflorus (calico aster) 9/29/00
Aster novae-angliae (New England aster) 9/29/00
Aster pilosus (heath aster) 9/29/00
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/03/01
Bidens connata (swamp beggar ticks) 9/29/00
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) 5/03/01
Cardamine hirsuta (hairy bittercress) 5/03/01
Centaurea maculata (spotted knapweed) 9/29/00
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) 5/03/01
Chelone glabra (turtle head)
Chenopodium album (lamb's quarters)
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 9/29/00
Cicuta maculata (water hemlock)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade)
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 9/29/00
Cirsium discolor (field thistle)
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 10/09/00
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty) 5/03/01
Collinsonia canadensis (horse-balm)
Conyza canadensis (horseweed)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 9/29/00
Desmodium sp. (tick trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 9/29/00
Duchesnea indica (Indian strawberry) 10/09/00
Epifagus virginiana (beech drops) 9/29/00
Epilobium coloratum (purple willow herb)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 9/29/00
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Eupatorium maculatum (spotted Joe-Pye-weed)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Eupatorium sp. (joe-pye-weed) 9/29/00
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry) 5/03/01
Galinsoga quadriradiata (common quickweed) 10/09/00
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium circaezens (wild licorice)
Galium sp. (bedstraw)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/03/01
Geum canadense (white avens) 10/09/00
Glechoma hederacea (Gill-over-the-ground)
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily)
Hepatica americana (round-leaved hepatica)
Hibiscus moscheutos (swamp rose mallow)
Hibiscus trionum (flower of an hour) 9/29/00
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 9/29/00
Iris sp. (iris)
Lactuca canadensis (wild lettuce)
Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)
Lamium purpureum (dead nettle)
Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)
Lespedeza cuneata (Chinese bush clover) 9/29/00
Lilium superbum (Turk's cap lily)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower) 9/29/00
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco)
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 9/29/00
Ludwigia palustris (water purslane)
Lycopus rubellus (stalked bugleweed) 9/29/00
Lysimachia alternifolia (seedbox)
Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/03/01
Malva neglecta (common mallow)
Matricaria matricarioides (pineapple weed)
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber root)
Mentha arvensis (wild mint) 9/29/00
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Nepeta cataria (catnip) 10/09/00
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Orobanche uniflora (one-flowered cancer-root) 5/05/01
Osmorhiza longistylis (anise-root) 5/05/01
Oxalis dillenii (wood sorrel) 5/03/01
Panax trifolium (dwarf ginseng) 5/03/01
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Pilea pumila (clearweed) 9/29/00
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 5/03/01 9/29/00
Plantago major (common plantain)
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy Solomon's seal) 5/03/01
Polygonum arenastrum (dooryard knotweed)
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 9/29/00
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding smartweed) 9/29/00
Polygonum pensylvanicum (Pennsylvania smartweed) 9/29/00
Polygonum punctatum (dotted smartweed) 9/29/00
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb) 9/29/00
Polygonum scandens (climbing bindweed)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 5/03/01
Prenanthes sp. (gall of the earth)
Prunella vulgaris (heal-all) 9/29/00
Pyrola rotundifolia (round-leaved pyrola)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf crowfoot) 5/03/01
Ranunculus repens (creeping buttercup)
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black eyed Susan) 9/29/00
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel) 5/03/01
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Sanicula sp. (sanicle)
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)
Senecio vulgaris (common groundsel) 5/03/01 9/29/00
Silene latifolia (white campion) 9/29/00
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod) 9/29/00 10/09/00
Solidago canadensis var. scabra (tall goldenrod) 9/29/00
Solidago gigantea (late goldenrod) 9/29/00
Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod) 9/29/00
Solidago odorata (sweet goldenrod) 9/29/00
Solidago rugosa (rough-stemmed goldenrod) 9/29/00
Stellaria media (common chickweed) 5/03/01
Symplocarpus foetidus (swamp cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 10/09/00
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadowrue) 5/03/01
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadow rue)
Tiarella cordifolia (foam flower) 5/03/01
Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover) 10/09/00
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 9/29/00
Trifolium repens (white clover) 9/29/00
Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate bellwort) 5/05/01
Veratrum viride (white hellebore)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain)
Vernonia noveboracensis (New York ironweed)
Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell) 5/03/01
Veronica hederaefolia (ivy-leave speedwell)
Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet) 5/03/01
Viola macloskeyi (northern white violet) 5/05/01
Viola pubescens (yellow forest violet) 5/03/01
Viola sagittata (arrow-leaved violet) 5/03/01
Viola sororia (dooryard violet) 5/03/01
Wolffia sp. (water meal)

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex albicans var. emmonsii (Emmon's sedge)
Carex amphibola (narrow-leaved sedge)
Carex laxiculmis (spreading sedge)
Carex laxiflora (loose-flowered sedge)
Carex rosea (rose sedge)
Cyperus sp. (cyperus)
Cyperus strigosus (umbrella sedge)
Eleocharis ovata (ovate spikerush)
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (hairy wood rush) 5/03/01

Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus (broom sedge)
Cinna arundinacea (wood reed)
Dactylis glomeratus (orchard grass)
Digitaria ischaemum (smooth crabgrass)
Digitaria sanguinalis (hairy crabgrass)
Echinochloa sp. (barnyard grass)
Eragrostis cilianensis (stink grass)
Festuca elatior (tall fescue)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cut-grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer tongue grass)
Panicum dichotomiflorum (spreading panic grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phragmites australis (common reed)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass) 5/03/01
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail)
Setaria viridis (green foxtail)
Tridens flavus (purpletop)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Botrychium dissectum (cut-leaved grape fern)
Botrychium virginianum (rattlesnake fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytonii (interrupted fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris phegopteris (broad beech fern)

Here are additional plants found as of May 1975 from the park plant list. Looking at the list, there apparently was a lot of pine barren vegetation and perhaps a boggy area because black spruce is on the list. But it is doubtful that these pine barren species are still around. We are going to check to see if we can find them, but if I were a betting man I would say we will not be successful. Dr. Patrick L. Cooney

Alnus glutinosa (black alder)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic white cedar)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)
Diospyros virginiana (persimmon)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (red ash)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweet gum)
Morus rubra (red mulberry)
Nyssa aquatica (water tupelo)
Ostrya virginiana (American hop hornbeam)
Picea mariana (black spruce)
Pinus resinosa (red pine)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Populus grandidentata (big toothed aspen)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Populus (Lombardy poplar)
Prunus (sand cherry)
Prunus sp. (choke cherry)
Quercus bicolor (swamp white oak)
Quercus marilandica (black jack oak)
Quercus stellata (post oak)
Tilia americana (basswood)
Ulmus americana (American elm)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Aralia spinosa (Hercules's club)
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush)
Chimaphila umbellata (pipsissewa)
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern)
Cornus sericea (red osier dogwood)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetter bush)
Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen)
Gaylussacia baccata (huckleberry)
Hudsonia ericoides? (golden heath?)
Hudsonia tomentosa (false heather)
Ilex glabra (inkberry)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel)
Lonicera tatarica (Tatarian honeysuckle)
Lyonia ligustrina (male berry)
Lyonia mariana (staggerbush)
Quercus ilicifolia (bear oak)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa carolina (pasture rose)
Rosa rugosa (wrinkled rose)
Salix fragilis (crack willow)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush, hardhack)
Staphylea trifolia (American bladdernut)
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus (coralberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (atrococcum) (black highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium macrocarpon (large cranberry)

Apios americana (groundnut)
Campsis radicans (trumpet vine)
Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)
Ipomoea purpurea (common morning glory)
Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)
Phaseolus polystachios (wild bean)
Smilax herbacea (carrion flower)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)

Agalinis sp. (gerardia)
Aletris farinosa (colicroot)
Allium canadense (wild garlic)
Allium cernuum (nodding wild onion)
Ambrosia trifida (great ragweed)
Anthemis cotula (mayweed)
Apocynum medium (intermediate dogbane)
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine)
Arabis lyrata (lyre-leaved rock cress)
Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed)
Asclepias purpurascens (purple milkweed)
Baptisia australis (blue false indigo)
Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo)
Barbarea vulgaris (winter cress)
Brassica nigra (black mustard)
Brassica rapa (field mustard)
Caltha palustris (marsh marigold)
Cardamine rhomboidea (spring cress)
Centaurea calcitrapa (star thistle)
Chamaecrista fasciculata (partridge pea)
Chamaecrista nictitans (sensitive plant)
Chelidonium majus (celandine)
Chenopodium ambrosioides (Mexican tea)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy)
Chrysopsis mariana (Maryland golden aster)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)
Commelina virginica (Virginia dayflower)
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort)
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady slipper)
Desmodium nudiflorum (naked flower tick trefoil)
Desmodium paniculatum (panicled tick trefoil)
Desmodium rigidum (stiff tick trefoil)
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches)
Draba verna (whitlow grass)
Drosera filiformis (thread leaved sundew)
Drosera intermedia (spatulate leaved sundew)
Drosera rotundifolia (round leaved sundew)
Erodium cicutarium (storks bill)
Eupatorium pilosum (hairy thoroughwort)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snake root)
Euphorbia sp. (spurge)
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground)
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting)
Gnaphalium uliginosum (low cudweed)
Goodyera pubescens (downy rattlesnake plantain)
Habenaria hyperborea (northern green orchid)
Habenaria lacera (ragged fringed orchid)
Habenaria blephariglottis (white fringed orchid)
Helianthus spp. (sunflowers)
Hesperis matronalis (dame's rocket)
Hieracium pratense (king devil)
Hieracium paniculatum (panicled hawkweed)
Hypericum spp. (St. Johnswort)
Hypericum stragulum (St. Andrew's cross)
Hypochoeris radicata (cat's ear)
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass)
Iris versicolor (larger blue flag)
Jussiaea sp. (willow primrose)
Krigia virginica (dwarf dandelion)
Kuhnia eupatorioides (false boneset)
Lamium purpureum (purple dead nettle)
Leontodon autumnalis (fall dandelion)
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort)
Lepidium virginicum (peppergrass)
Lilium canadense (Canada lily)
Linaria canadensis (blue toadflax)
Lobelia nuttallii (Nuttall's lobelia)
Lysimachia terrestris (swamp candles)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)
Medicago sativa (Lucerne alfalfa)
Melampyrum lineare (cowwheat)
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)
Mentha spicata (spearmint)
Mimulus ringens (monkey flower)
Monarda punctata (horse mint)
Monotropa hypopithys (pinesap)
Myosotis laxa (smaller forget me not)
Nuphar variegata (spatterdock)
Nymphaea odorata (fragrant white water lily)
Oenothera fruticosa (sun drops)
Ornithogalum umbellatum (star of Bethlehem)
Orobanche minor (lesser broomrape)
Oxypolis rigidior (cowbane)
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Phlox paniculata (garden phlox)
Phlox subulata (moss pink)
Physalis sp. (ground cherry)
Polygala cruciata (cross-leaved milkwort)
Polygala lutea (yellow milkwort)
Polygonatum canaliculatum (great Solomon's seal)
Polygonum persicaria (lady's thumb)
Polypodium sp. (polypody fern)
Potentilla arguta (tall cinquefoil)
Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil)
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)
Prenanthes alba (white lettuce)
Prenanthes serpentaria (lions foot)
Pycnanthemum sp. (mountain mint)
Pyrola elliptica (shinleaf pyrola)
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup)
Raphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)
Rhexia mariana (Maryland meadow beauty)
Rhexia virginica (Virginia meadow beauty)
Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaved arrowhead)
Sanguisorba canadensis (Canadian burnet)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet)
Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant)
Satureja vulgaris (basil)
Scutellaria integrifolia (hyssop skullcap)
Scutellaria serrata (showy skullcap)
Senecio aureus (golden ragwort)
Silene stellata (starry campion)
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion)
Sisymbrium altissimum (tumble mustard)
Sisyrinchium sp. (blue-eyed grass)
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle)
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)
Solidago bicolor (silverrod)
Solidago canadensis var. canadensis (Canada goldenrod)
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod)
Sparganium sp. (bur reed)
Stellaria graminea (lesser stitchwort)
Stellaria media (common chickweed)
Tephrosia virginiana (goats rue)
Tragopogon pratensis (yellow goats beard)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh st. johnswort)
Trichostema dichotomum (blue curls)
Trientalis borealis (star flower)
Trifolium aureum (hop clover)
Trifolium arvense (rabbit's foot)
Trifolium dubium (least hop clover)
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus looking glass)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)
Utricularia sp. (bladderwort)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein)
Verbena hastata (blue vervain)
Vernonia gigantea (tall ironweed)
Viola blanda (sweet white violet)
Viola macloskeyi (northern white violet)
Viola pedata (birdfoot violet)
Viola sororia (common blue violet)
Xerophyllum asphodeloides (turkey beard)
Xyris sp. (yellow-eyed grass)
Zizia aurea (golden Alexanders)
(devil's shoestring)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Botrychium virginianum (rattlesnake fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Equisetum sp. (horsetail)
Lygodium palmatum (Hartford climbing fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Woodwardia areolata (netted chain fern)
Woodwardia virginica (Virginia chain fern)