a pre-war map of the inner ring of 1860 fortifications and redoubts
a pre-war map showing the second ring of Brialmont fortifcations around Antwerp
Aerial view of Fort Duffel
Postcard of Germans on the cupola of the destroyed Fort Lierre
One of the Antwerp forts after the battle
Fort Wavre Ste. Catherine after the bombardment
Most of the second and third ring of Antwerp fortifications are still in existance and are used for a variety of functions, from army depots to university buildings, commercial warehouses and community centers of all kinds. One of the Antwerp forts, Fort Breendonck, was used as a concentration camp during World War II and can be visited as museum and historical monument. If you are interested in viewing one of the outer Antwerp forts that is still in a good state of preservation, then you should visit this website for further information : Fort van Liezele. Much of the fort has been restored by a historical society and work continues.